India’s Potential as a Global Leader in Green Hydrogen

India's Potential as a Global Leader in Green Hydrogen

Green hydrogen (GH2) derived from renewable energy sources, is positioned as a transformative force in the global transition towards sustainable energy. India, with its ample renewable resources and commitment to decarbonization, has emerged as a significant player in this arena. Leveraging its vast solar and wind energy potential, estimated at approximately 1,400 GW, India aims to become a leader in green hydrogen production, aligning with the goals outlined in its National Hydrogen Mission launched in 2021. This mission is pivotal in achieving the country's ambitious target of net-zero carbon emission by 2070 and bolstering energy security.

To facilitate growth in green hydrogen sector, the Indian government has implemented several strategic policies, notably by National Green Hydrogen Mission (NGHM) with an outlay of 2.2 bln EUR. NGHM focuses on scaling up production, fostering research and development, developing robust infrastructure, and promoting the widespread use of green hydrogen across diverse industries. The NGHM sets an ambitious target of 5 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) of green hydrogen production by 2030.


India's green hydrogen sector presents substantial opportunities for decarbonizing heavy industries like steel and ammonia production, capturing export potential, generating employment across the value chain, and driving innovation in related technologies. The country's competitive renewable energy rates as low as 47 EUR per MWh further enhance its strategic advantage in this field.

However, several challenges need to be addressed to realize the full potential of green hydrogen in India. The high production cost of green hydrogen compared to conventional hydrogen derived from fossil fuels poses a significant obstacle. This disparity is due to the capital-intensive nature of electrolysis, the primary method for producing green hydrogen. Additionally, the lack of adequate infrastructure, including storage and transportation facilities, hinders the seamless integration of green hydrogen into existing energy systems.

To overcome these challenges and unlock the opportunities, India needs to focus on strategic investments in research and development to drive down production costs and improve the efficiency of electrolysis technologies. Policy support in the form of incentives, subsidies, and streamlined regulations can further catalyse its growth. Additionally, collaboration with international partners can provide access to advanced technologies and expertise, accelerating India's progress towards becoming a global green hydrogen hub.

The Indian government's emphasis on developing green hydrogen hubs, expanding renewable energy capacity specifically for green hydrogen production, and fostering partnerships between major Indian corporations and global leaders demonstrates its commitment to this sustainable energy source. These initiatives are not only crucial for India's own energy transition, but it also offers lucrative opportunities for global companies to enter the Indian green hydrogen market. By leveraging their expertise, technology, and investment capabilities, international players can collaborate with Indian stakeholders to drive innovation, scale up production, and contribute to building a robust green hydrogen ecosystem. This collaborative effort can pave the way for a sustainable future, both in India and globally.

As India strides towards becoming a global leader in green hydrogen, the collaborative efforts of both domestic and international stakeholders will be crucial in shaping this sustainable future. For further insights and exploration of opportunities in the Indian green hydrogen market, please reach out to Anup Barapatre and Dhananjay Mahale, experts at EAC.